So where might we use this? Let’s say we have a React component that fetches and renders some data. The page loads, the
fetch request is made, we get impatient and click to another route which dismounts the component. If we set state when the
fetch request resolves on an unmounted component, we will get the following error:
Warning: Can’t perform a React state update on an unmounted component. This is a no-op, but it indicates a memory leak in your application. To fix, cancel all subscriptions and asynchronous tasks in a useEffect cleanup function.
You can simulate this in the following example. The button will toggle the rendering of the
ReposCount component when it is clicked. If you click the button to unmount the component before the API call finishes, you will see the “Can’t perform a React state update on an unmounted component” warning in the console.
To fix this so that errors aren’t thrown for impatient users, let’s update the component to use
One thing to note is that when we call
fetch promise rejects with an
AbortError. In the example above, we are catching the error and logging “aborted”.